Human body tends to maintain its body functions normally and routinely. All chemical processes are carried out in a well maintained cycle. From cellular metabolism to complete body functions, every activity, every reaction is regulated. Our body exhibits homeostasis; it is a property of our body system to regulate its internal environment and maintain relatively constant levels of various properties.
Any disturbance in any periodic functioning may lead to dreadful results. A minor fluctuation in a body process or slight imbalance in chemical activity can cause huge infirmities and sometimes even dreadful fatalities. It is immensely important to keep hormonal and other chemical levels of our body under control.
Similarly, it is pre-eminent to maintain normal sugar level in your body. Our body consumes sugar in the form of glucose. The primary source of energy for our body, obtained from our diet is glucose and it can be acquired through various sources. Naturally, glucose level is regulated in our blood very stringently.
Disproportionate level of glucose can lead to different diseases, many of them can be life threatening and long lasting.
The normal sugar level in human blood, when all homeostatic mechanisms are working efficiently, can range from 82 mg/dl to 110 mg/dl. Usually, after eating food shortly, the glucose level rises in our body and may exceed normal range. It can rise upto 140 mg/dl after consuming meal or carbohydrate rich food. On the contrary it may plunge down on fasting. According to American Diabetes Association, a non-diabetic adult normally has 90 mg/dl blood glucose level before having meal, whereas the maximum threshold for post meal glucose level is 140 mg/dl.
Various glands in our body secrete hormones that carefully regulate the glucose level in blood.
These hormones assist the homeostatic mechanism of our body to maintain glucose level within a narrow range. There are two different types of hormones that contend in our body glucose regulation mechanism: the anabolic hormones, i.e insulin and the catabolic hormones, i.e cortisol, glucagon and catecholamines. Insulin is responsible to lower down the sugar level in our blood, if it exceeds the normal range, thus prevent from hyperglycemia. Diabetes Mellitus is a common health issue caused due to higher amount of glucose in the blood and has many adverse effects on our body. Diabetes can cause severe heart problems, renal failures and damages to retina, affecting the sight. While on the
contrary, catabolic hormones such as cortisols, glucagons, and catecholamines are effective in increasing sugar level in blood. The scarce sugar presence in blood can lead to a condition, known as hypoglycemia,which can prove fatal for human health and result in ailments.Patients suffering from hypoglycemia may experience weakness, irritation, lethargy, impaired mental functioning, paranoia and conscious loss,e.t.c.
It is extremely important to control blood sugar levels under normal range. You must keep track of your body’s sugar level by regularly testing your blood samples. If you find any disparity in your blood sugar levels, you must consult the physician and take appropriate dietary measures to prevent any horrid condition.